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Groton New Hampshire Town Info and Profile
Groton New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Groton
Board of Selectmen
754 North Groton Road
Groton, NH 03241
Telephone (603) 744-9190
Fax (603) 744-3382
Web Site

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen's Office: Monday through Thursday, 8 am - 4 pm, Friday, 8 am - 12 noon; Town Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, Wednesday, Friday, 9 am - 4 pm, Tuesday, 5:30 pm - 7:30 pm

County Grafton
Labor Market Area Plymouth NH LMA
Tourism Region Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Grafton County Economic Development Council

Election Districts
US Congress District 2
Executive Council District 1
State Senate District 2
State Representative Grafton County Districts 6, 16

Incorporated: 1761
Origin: This area was named Cockermouth in 1761, after Charles Wyndham, Baron Cockermouth and Earl of Egremont, who succeeded William Pitt as Secretary of State. Few grantees took up their claims, and the land was regranted in 1766. These settlers also did not meet prescribed terms, but in 1772 Governor Wentworth renewed the charter for three years. In 1796, the town voted to change the name to Groton, and successfully petitioned the legislature to legally change the name. The name was suggested by Samuel Blood, for his hometown in Old Groton, which became a Massachusetts town when the boundary between the states was drawn in 1741.
Villages and Place Names: North Groton
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 373 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Groton totaled 492 over 52 years, from 99 in 1960 to 591 in 2012. The largest decennial percent change was a 113 percent increase between 1970 and 1980, more than doubling the population over those ten years. The 2012 Census estimate for Groton was 591 residents, which ranked 213th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2010 (US Census Bureau): 14.5 persons per square mile of land area. Groton contains 40.9 square miles of land area and 0.07 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2012 $751,617
Budget: School Appropriations, 2011-2012 $813,667
Zoning Ordinance 2007
Master Plan 2007
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Zoning, Library
Public Library Groton Public

Police Department Part-time
Fire Department Hebron - Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Hebron - Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Speare Memorial, Plymouth 13 miles 25

Electric Supplier NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2012 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $11.23
2012 Equalization Ratio 100.0
2012 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $12.16
2012 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings83.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings0.6%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other15.8%

(ACS 2008-2012) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 473
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 353
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 0
Five or More Units in Structure 0
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 120
Total Population Community County
2012 591 89,181
2010 593 89,118
2000 458 81,826
1990 318 74,998
1980 255 65,806
1970 120 54,914
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2008-2012
Population by Gender
Male:   286 Female:   236
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 6
Age 5 to 19 86
Age 20 to 34 41
Age 35 to 54 197
Age 55 to 64 74
Age 65 and over 118
Median Age 51 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 75.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 14.0%

(ACS 2008-2012) ANNUAL INCOME, 2012
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $23,614
Median family income $63,500
Median household income $37,361
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $38,125
Female $32,125
Individuals below the poverty level 9.6%

Annual Average 2002 2012
Civilian Labor Force 236 270
Employed 227 259
Unemployed 9 11
Unemployment Rate 3.8% 4.1%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2002 2012
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n 0
Average Weekly Wage n $0
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n n
Average Weekly Wage n n
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 13 n
Average Weekly Wage $471 n
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 19 18
Average Weekly Wage $115 $223
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 32 n
Average Weekly Wage $260 n
n = indicates that the data does not meet disclosure standards

Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Newfound Area (Alexandria, Bridgewater, Bristol, Danbury, Groton, Hebron, New Hampton) SAU 4
Career Technology Center(s): Plymouth Applied Technology Center Region: 5
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
Grade Levels
Total Enrollment
2013 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: 0
Nearest Community/Technical College: Lakes Region
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State University

TLC Tree & Crane Service Tree care 5 1980
Gordon Coursey & Sons LLC Logging, land clearing, log home building, custom building 6 1975
Maxam Dynamite/explosives 6 2008
Groton Wind LLC (Iberdrola Renewables) Industrial wind turbines 6 2012

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 26
Distance 13 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Plymouth Regional
Runway 2,380 ft. turf
Lighted? No Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 36 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 73 miles
Portland, ME 114 miles
Boston, MA 124 miles
New York City, NY 301 miles
Montreal, Quebec 213 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 79.7%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 4.1%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 0.0%
Other Means 0.0%
Worked at home 16.2%
Mean Travel Time to Work 30.9 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2008-2012)
Working in community of residence 17.8%
Commuting to another NH community 81.4%
Commuting out-of-state 0.8%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Tenney Mountain
Other: Mary Baker Eddy Historic House; Sculptured Rocks Natural Area; N Groton School house

Source: Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau commpunity profiles
Grafton County profile PDF